December 25, 2001
On the Discussion of the Situation in Angola by the UN Security Council
A thorough debate on the situation in Angola has taken place at a formal UN Security Council meeting.
In the Council members' view, the Lusaka Protocol and relevant UN Security Council resolutions and decisions remain the basis for peaceful settlement of the Angolan conflict. Common was the thesis that a military solution to the problem is impossible. The necessity of holding a dialogue on ways to complete the implementation of the fundamental principles of the Lusaka Protocol was underscored. Members of the Council positively assessed the constructive steps by the Angolan government to foster a dialogue with all healthy political forces of the country and the civil society of Angola.
There was a convergence of opinion in the Security Council that the antigovernment armed group UNITA, headed by Jonas Savimbi, bears the main responsibility for the continuation of the conflict. The necessity of an effective pursuit of the sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council against UNITA in order to induce it to participate in the peace process was underlined.
Members of the Council welcomed the position declared by the leadership of Angola in favor of a more active UN role in resuming the inter-Angolan dialogue.
Russia as a SC permanent member and a participant of the Troika of peace process observers intends to help further the promotion of Angolan settlement, which was reaffirmed during the visit of Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Igor Ivanov to Angola this December.
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